Training Techniques
Child and dog
A dog that isn't trained, is like a child that isn't taught.
You love your child. That is why you teach them to walk.
Why wouldn't you do the same for your dog? They want to please you.



BALANCED TRAINING


I utilize a balanced training approach
Positive reinforcement is used when the dog works to get things HE likes. This involves you giving reinforcement a the exact moment that the dog performs the desired behavior. This reward increases the likelihood that the dog will repeat the behavior in the future. For example: Giving a dog a food treat the moment he achieves the sitting position. More examples of positive reinforcers are: Walks, Attention, Petting, Food treats, Playing with other dogs, Playing with toys, Getting to sniff, Car rides, Scratches, Rubs, Going outside, Hugs, Playing with you.


Negative reinforcement is the removal of something the dog considers unpleasant the instant he performs the desired behavior. In other words, the dog works to AVOID something he dislikes. For example: Releasing the pressure on a flat buckle collar the moment the dog achieves the sitting position. Other examples of negative reinforcers are: Water spray, Being ignored, Losing their playmate, Shaker can, Raising your voice, Losing their toys, Losing their food treat









What if I can't use a "Clicker"?
One of my clients that is a disabled veteran, was against using a clicker because he had the leash in his left hand and needed his right to hold or get treats. He wasn't able to hold both the leash and the clicker in the same hand AND operate the clicker as well.
As a result, I recommended that he make a sound or use a word (such as "perfect") when the desired bahavoir occured. However, this client also belived that his dog would learn to only follow the "cue" if a reward is given. I assured him that once the desired behavior became more of a habit, that he could give a treat every other time, then every third time, every fourth time and so on.


- Clicker Training
Clicker training is a nickname given to a positive reinforcement training system based on operant conditioning. The system uses conditioned reinforcers which are able to be delivered more quickly and more precisely . . . the trainer uses to precisely mark the desired behavior; however, some trainers use a whistle, a word, or even a light as the conditioned reinforcer. The trainer delivers a primary reinforcer, such as a toy or treat, after the noise or signal. - *1





- Relationship-based Training
The basic principles include ensuring that A)the dog's basic needs have been met [exercise is important because it relieves stress, stimultes the mind, and reduces anxiety] before beginning a training session, B)finding out what motivates the dog and using it to elicit behaviours, C)interpreting the dog's body language to improve communication between dog and trainer, D)using positive reinforcement to encourage desired behavior, E)training incompatible behaviors to replace unwanted behaviours, and F)controlling the dog's environment to limit the possibility of unwanted behaviours [sheltering a dog from a normal lifestyle may not be in the dog's best interest].
A relationship-based approach to dog training is not reliant on using particular training aids or treats, the relationship is always there, and the connection between dog and trainer is sufficiently powerful to achieve the training goals. - *1

With any dog, there will be times when these techniques are very important during high-risk situations that can occur in public.
For example, there can be times when your dog charges after something they spot across the street!
A leash will prevent harm, but what if the leash slips from your hand. Now what? This is when negative re-enforcement is used. Your command of "NO!" or "STOP!" could save your dog's life, and potentially the lives of others (due to a traffic accident).


*1 = Wikipedia - Dog Training






Choices



These are the beliefs of one of my clients.   I would not use the same wording as it is quite impassioned.   Although his approach is not without interest.

"Greetings. I want to thank My Little Dog Training Business for the opportunity to share my thoughts on this subject.   These are my thoughts based on what I have learned and observed.   They may provoke thought and rouse emotions, yet new or unseen concepts often do, so here it is.

Almost every dog breed that is a pet desires to please it's owner (due to domestication). Dogs are smart, and while I could describe this further, I don't think it necessary.
I believe that first thing that must be considered is, "Do owners, thinking about all the things that they do? Do they consider how their pet will perceive the thing that they do"?, including their emotions at the time? This could give cause to your pet making choices i.e., if you are angry and screaming, your pet will likely choose to hide.

Let me explain. As people, we make choices based on the choices of other people. Someone chooses not to pay back a loan you made to them, so you choose not to loan them money again. Simple. I believe that your pet operates the same way. If you give them a treat when they complete a task properly ("Sit") they will choose to sit when you say "Sit".

Let's suppose that your pet pees in the house. You may or may not have "caught them in the act", that really doesn't matter. What does matter is the choice. Like you, your pet does not want his "den" to be dirty, yet your pet needed to make a choice.

You were distracted doing whatever it was that you were doing (cleaning up the yard, sewing, watching a movie, etc.). The activity is not important. The fact that you were distracted by the activity for an extended period of time, is.
Your pet had been holding it for sometime and had to make a choice (some will even believe that this isn't a choice, but an animal won't hold it as long as a person will simply because they do not get embarrassed).

So what now?
        Do you raise your voice in anger?(creates fear {which overtime may become fear-based-aggression});
        Do you rub their nose in it? (yeah, they already know what it smells like {ineffective});
        or Do you consider that you were distracted for so long that your pet had to make a choice based on the choice you made?

My purpose here is, whether you have trained your pet or not (regardless of what that training was, or how sucessful it was), your pet is making choices based on what you choose to do (you chose an activity that prevented you from taking the dog outside) i.e., your pet peeing or pooping in the house is your fault.